How do you layout a flower garden? First, decide where your flower garden will be located and then decide what the best arrangement and placement will be for that area. One of the easiest and most efficient ways to lay out a flower garden is by using a layout plan or flower bed map. With a flower bed map, you can plot out exactly where each plant will be placed. This allows for the largest degree of control when it comes to selecting the plants that will best suit your individual needs. Here are a few basic guidelines to help you properly layout a flower garden:
Site the focal point of your garden: You want to place your focal point in an area that offers the greatest impact to visitors. For instance, if you’re planting a tall fountain, a tall tree, or a tall plant, then those three items will be the focus of your garden. However, if you’re planting beds, shrubs, a windbreak, or planting flowers along a walkway, then those items may not be the focal point, but they still should be the center of attention in your flower garden.
Border: The borders of your garden are almost as important as the focal point in many cases. A border separates one focal area from another. A border can be as simple as a line or as ornate as a decorative fence. A border also separates one row of plants from another and keeps mowing easier. The number of plants in a border is based on the size of your garden and how much space you have available.
Tall plants should be in the back of the garden. You can use trellises, walls, fences, or tall pots to group your taller plants. Trellises and walls are particularly useful for gardens with a formal style. Your garden should have a gentle slope toward the back of your house. This will reduce the need for mowing, especially during the spring and fall seasons.
Short plants should run from the front of your house to the rear. These plants can act as a backdrop or act as the focal point in your flower garden. They can be used to delineate a bed or border. For example, if you would like to create a focal point between two flower beds, then choose tall plants between the two flower beds that run parallel to your property. The taller plants will act as a frame for your flower garden bed and provide the background for your flower garden artwork.
Flowering plants should be placed at the beginning of the border. They should be spaced evenly along the border so that they will not overcrowd the border. Also, make sure to space your flowering plants at least one to two feet apart from each other. This will allow each plant to get the proper amount of sunlight it needs to bloom.
Most perennials and annuals should be planted in the center of your garden. The front border can then be filled up with annuals, cut flowers, or landscape shrubs. In addition, keep in mind that you should always use mulch on the plants, even if you are not using them as a border. By providing mulch, you will be able to conserve moisture and keep your lawn and garden free from weed growth.
Most perennial plants should be planted in the back of your flower bed. However, perennials that bloom for a long period of time such as shrubs and grasses should be located in the center of your garden. The placement of annuals and perennials plays a large factor in your flower bed. You want to place annuals near the flower beds, while perennials should be placed in the back.